Illinois State Library

Illinois Center for the Book

Individual Author Record

General Information

Name:  Earnest Elmo Calkins  

Pen Name: None

Genre: C:ADULT History Non-Fiction

Born: 1868 in Geneseo, Illinois


Illinois Connection

Calkins was born in Geneseo and raised in Galesburg.

Biographical and Professional Information

Deafened by illness as a child, Calkins read voraciously and studied art, design and typesetting. In 1902, Calkins and Ralph Holden, his worldlier associate at agency Charles Austin Bates, opened Calkins & Holden. Success as a "modern" ad agency stemmed from its emphasis on design -- in print ads, packaging and sales promotion materials. Calkins hired top designers, engravers and artists. His white-gowned "Phoebe Snow" for the Delaware, Lackawanna & Western Railroad emphasized soot-free transportation. With radio's arrival, Calkins retired; his deafness had finally become a handicap.

Published Works Expand for more information

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