Illinois State Library

Illinois Center for the Book

Individual Author Record

General Information

Name:  Oscar Devereaux Micheaux  

Pen Name: None

Genre: C:ADULT Non-Fiction

Born: 1884 in Metropolis, Illinois


Illinois Connection

Micheaux was born on a farm in Southern Illinois.

Biographical and Professional Information

Oscar Micheaux was an author, film director and independent producer of more than 44 films. He is regarded as the first major African-American film maker, and the most successful African- American filmaker of the first half of the twentieth century. After a failed marriage and financial ruin, Micheaux decided to become a writer. He ultimately wrote seven novels and produced films until his death at age 67.

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