Illinois State Library

Illinois Center for the Book

Individual Author Record

General Information

Name:  Johnny Barton Gruelle  

Pen Name: Johnny Gruelle


Born: December 24, 1880 in Arcola, Illinois


Illinois Connection

Gruelle was born in Arcola, Illinois and lived there until 1882.

Biographical and Professional Information

Johnny Gruelle was a freelance illustrator, essayist, columnist, cartoonist and magazine writer, but he was best known for creating Raggedy Ann and Raggedy Andy - the whimsical dolls and storybook characters that brought him national acclaim. Gruelle's family moved to Indianapolis when he was two years old. There, he was a cartoonist for the ''Indianapolis Star.'' His cartoons also appeared in many newspapers, usually signed as Grue. They included ''Cleveland Press'', ''The Toledo News-Bee'', ''The Pittsburgh Press'', ''The Tacoma Times'', and ''The Spokane Press''. He was a comic strip artist for the ''New York Herald''. During his life, Gruelle lived in Illinois, Indiana, Connecticut, Oregon and Florida.

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