Robert M. Lombardo
Pen Name: None Connection to Illinois: Lombardo is an assistant professor of criminal justice at Loyola University in Chicago. Biography: Robert M. Lombardo is a former deputy chief of police for Cook County, Illinois.
|The Black Hand :
ISBN: 0252076753 OCLC: 317462432 University of Illinois Press, Urbana : ©2010. This book examines the history of Black Hand crime in Chicago primarily from 1905 to 1920 and challenges the belief that the Black Hand was an extension of the Sicilian Mafia. A crude method of extorting money from primarily wealthy Italians, the Black Hand involved sending victims a letter stating that they would come to harm in the blackmailers' demands were not met: the threatening letter often included a drawing of a black hand or other frightening symbols.